Christian S. Mankamyer Family History
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Here’s the research paper on Christian S. Mankamyer (1833-1914)

My name is Janelle Aileen Taylor, and my mother’s parents were Paul Daniel Hines and Irene Belle Mankamyer. Irene’s parents were Josiah Christian Mankamyer and Ida Belle Bittner. Both families were from Sand Patch, Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania.

The Mankamyer family is a large and extended family that links us to the Lepley ~ Bittner Lineage.

For any questions you can email me at boog@taylorgrahamlibrary.net

Christian S. Mankamyer (1833-1914)

Christian S. Mankamyer was born September 15th 1833 [1] in Hanover, Lower Saxony County, Germany. Christian was known as Reverend Christian S. Mankamyer. Christian immigrated to America in 1852, and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1857. [2]

There was also an indentured servant, Arminta Harr, who was indentured to Christian and Mary Mankamyer, and made the trip from Germany with them. [3] Arminta’s father was named George Harr. [4] It is believed that the Mankamyer and Hare family emigrated from Germany together.

Christian was a cabinet maker, farmer, and minister at the White Oak Evangelical Church, [5] in Meyersdale Somerset County Pennsylvania.

Christian married Mary Smearmount [6] about 1854 in Somerset County Pennsylvania. Mary was born January 31st 1837 [7] to Henry and Catherine Smearmount in Hesse Darmstadt, Germany. [8] Mary was 12 years old when the family immigrated in 1849.

According to the 1880 census Mary’s older brother, John Smearmond, was living with the family in Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. Christian and Mary Mankamyer had six sons and 4 daughters. All of the children were born in the Sand Patch area of Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. Two died before 1924. [9]

i.    Richard Mankamyer was born June 22nd 1855, near Garrett, Somerset County Pennsylvania. He married Ida Belle Witt who was born April 5th 1859. Richard died February 29th 1941. [10]

ii.   Henrietta Mankamyer was born in 1857. She married John E. Fair, who died prior to 1939.

John and Henrietta had seven children, and in 1939, one son and one daughter had died. [11]

a.  Charles L. Fair, who in 1939 lived in Connellsville, Fayette County Pa.

b.  Irvin E. Fair, who in 1939 lived in Akron, Ohio.

c.  Mrs. Frank R. Murray, who in 1939 lived in of Deal, Pa.

d.  Mahlon Fair, who in 1939 lived with his mother on Sand Patch Rural Rout #1 in Somerset County Pennsylvania.

e.  Albert A. Fair, who in 1939 lived in Ellerslie, Allegany County Maryland.

Henrietta died at age 82, on March 12th 1939, after a lingering illness, in Sand Patch Rural Rout #1 Somerset County Pennsylvania. Funeral services were held March 16th 1939 at the Temple Evangelical Chinch at White Oak. Interment will be in the church cemetery. [12]


iii.  Laura Belle Mankamyer was born January 1st 1858 in Summit Township Somerset County. She married Albert Wilson Bittner on November 7th 1886. Albert was born 1860 to Jacob S. Bittner and Laura Kreger in Centerville, Somerset County. [13] 

Albert and Laura lived most of their lives in the vicinity of Meyersdale Somerset County. Albert was a conductor for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Albert W. Bittner died June 13th 1939, and his brother Milton Bittner anf Mrs John Robertson of Meyersdale, and Mrs. Sylvina Meyers of Dayton Ohio were all were still living. Laura died May 22nd 1940. They were both laid to rest in the Union Cemetery in Meyersdale Somerset County Pennsylvania.

Albert and Laura had two sons. [14]

a.  Luis Bittner lived in Summit Township

b.  William Bittner lived in Summit Township.

iv.   Sarah (Sallie) Mankamyer was born in 1862. She lived with the family in 1880, but by 1900 she was not with the family. She died sometime after 1914 when her father died, and before 1924 when her mother died. [15]

v.    Lewis M. Mankamyer was born in 1863. He 1st married Sarah Frances who was born in 1867, and died 1889 while living in Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. Sarah was laid to rest in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery, in Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. Lewis then married Nora who was born in 1873, and died in 1931 in Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. Lewis would die in 1938.


vi.    Josiah Christian Mankamyer was born August 6th 1865. He 1st married Ida Bell Bittner, and 2nd to Margaret Grooms-McQuain. Joseph died in April 16th 1957. [16]


vii.   John Thomas Mankamyer was born 1March 6th 1867. John lived in Meyersdale Somerset County when he died at age 85 on June 18th 1951. [17]


viii.  Henry Mankamyer was born in 1871. He married Viola who was born about 1876. Henry died May 15th 1930. [18]

ix.    Christian S. Mankamyer was born May 7th 1873. Christian married Martha Murray on January 20th 1896. He died March 7th 1950 in Somerset County Pennsylvania.


x.    Anna Mankamyer was born December 28th 1875, [19] and died December 1st 1878, at 2 years, 11 months and 3 days. She was laid to rest in the White Oak Evangelical Church cemetery.


In 1880 the entire family is living in Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania and by 1900 only their son John is living with Christian and Mary Mankamyer. By 1910 Christian and Mary are living with their son and his wife: Christian and Martha on Sand Patch Road in Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania.

Christian died May 1st 1914 [20]  while living in Sand Patch, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania. Christina was laid to rest in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania. Christian's obituary read:

•    "...Pennsylvania, died in the Sand Patch area; to America age 19 to Somerset County Pennsylvania; cabinet maker 10 years; married age 21, married for 59 years; member Pittsburgh Conference, pastorates listed; buried in White Oak Cemetery; 9 children remain; 1 child dead..." [21]

Mary died September 29th [22] 1926 in Sand Patch, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania. Mary was laid to rest next to her husband in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania. Mary's obituary read:

•    "...Pennsylvania, died 89 years old, 7 months and 29 days; member Temple Evangelical Church at White Oak, 50 plus years; age 12 to America in 1849 to Somerset County, Pennsylvania, where she married and had 6 sons, 4 daughters; 8 children remain; funeral in church they helped build; grandson, Rev. E. I. of Cherry Tree, PA attended..." [23]

Henry Smearman (b.1802)

Here’s the research paper on Henry Smearman. For any questions you can email me at boog@taylorgrahamlibrary.net

Henry Smearmund (Smearman [1] ) was born 1802 in Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany. He married Catherine about 1830. Catherine was born in Hessen-Darmstadt Germany about 1810. We know about two of their children. [2]

There isn’t much we can say about this family. We know the family immigrated to America in 1847 or 1849. [3] Henry was a farmer in the Black Township of Somerset County.

i.    John Smearmount was born November 1831 in Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany. [4]  In the 1900 federal censuses he indicated he immigrated to America in 1847. [5] 

ii.    Mary Smearmund was born January 31st 1837 [6] in Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany. She was 12 years old when the family immigrated in 1849. [7] Mary married Christian Mankamyer about 1853, when she was 17 years old. Together they had had six sons and 4 daughters. All of the children were born in the Sand Patch area of Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. [8]

Mary died September 29th [11] 1926 in Sand Patch, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania. Mary was laid to rest next to her husband in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery in the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania.

•    "...Pennsylvania, died 89 years old, 7 months and 29 days; member Temple Evangelical Church at White Oak, 50 plus years; age 12 to America in 1849 to Somerset County, Pennsylvania, where she married and had 6 sons, 4 daughters; 8 children remain; funeral in church they helped build; grandson, Rev. E. I. of Cherry Tree, PA attended..." [12]

On July 1st 1863, John enlisted in the Civil War. He was single, age 27, and lived in Milford, Milford Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania. [9] In 1870 Henry, Catherine, and their son John lived in the post office area of Somerset, Milford Township Somerset County Pennsylvania.

We have no record on when Henry and Catherine died. We believe it was prior to 1880, and they were laid to rest in the Smearman Burying Ground. There is one reference by our great grandfather, Joseph Mankamyer, where he refered to two un-inscribed graves at the Smearman Cemetery located at the site of Poister’s Mill in Black Township Somerset County Pennsylvania.

•    "...Two un-inscribed graves Mr. and Mrs. Smearman; parents of Mrs. Rev. Christian Mankamyer who are buried in Temple Cemetery, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania..." [10]

Also known as Smearman Burying Ground, which at one time situated on a farm, owned by Roy Snyder, and in 2011 the land is owned by Sarah Pyle. The cemetery is located Northwest of old buildings about 50 rods from an old road. There is a total of 20 graves; probably some members of the Poister family who owned the mill.

Old maps verify that there was a mill owned by the Poister family at the bottom of the hill, in Isler’s Run. There were remnants of the mill (foundations) near the stream in 1999, when the cemetery was positively identified by Reuben Knopsnyder. The cemetery is difficult to find. It is a small country cemetery misnamed as Polysus by the WPA. The WPA records indicate 16 adults and 4 children, all with native stone markers. The stones were in rows, and remnants of a wire fence were there.

In 1880 John Smearmund, age 48 (b.1832) was living with Christian and Mary Mankamyer. The census indicated John was a brother in-law. John was born in Hesse Germany in 1832. In 1900 John was living with Richard Mankamyer in Sand Patch, Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania.

In 1900 John is living with his Nephew, Richard Mankamyer, and his family in Sand Patch Larimer Township Somerset County Pennsylvania. We lost track of John, and do not know anything more on his whereabouts after 1900.

He may have died prior to 1910, and laid to rest where many of the Mankamyer families are laid to rest; the White Oak Evangelical Church, which is also known as the Temple Cemetery. In 2013 the church is known as St. Johns United Methodist Church, which is on Temple Road, situated in Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania.

Mankamyer End Notes

[1.] Christian’s birth date came from the inscription on his headstone at the Temple Cemetery, Meyersdale, Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[2.] Christian’s arrival to America came from his obituary, cited in End Note #21, and his naturalization in becoming a citizen of the United States came from Bibliography #1.

[3.] George Hare 1857 Immigration: Publication Code: 8864.10, Somerset County Pennsylvania Naturalization Records, In Somerset Past (Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, Laughlintown, PA). Vol. 3:2 (July 1983), p. 13 (1857-1858). Somerset Co., Pennsylvania; Year 1857; Page Number: 13. Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010: Iscrupe, William L., compiler. Naturalization Records 1802-1854, Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Laughlintown, PA: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1979. 16p. Page: 6

[4.] This George Harr may be the same, and that Arminta may have been a daughter from a first marriage of George, and the family he has in Meyersdale are a second family.

[5.] Many of the Mankamyer families are laid to rest in the White Oak Evangelical Church, which is sometimes known as the Temple Cemetery. In 2013 the church is known as St. Johns United Methodist Church, which is on Temple Road, situated in Larimer Township, Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[6.] Mary’s last name may also be spelled Smearmund: Smearmunt, Smearmont, Schmiermund, Schmermund, or Smearmunt.

[7.] Mary’s birth date came from the inscription on her headstone at the Temple Cemetery, Meyersdale, Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[8.] Information on Mary’s parents comes from the 1870 census record, where her brother John, was living with his parents in Milford Township Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[9.] The number of children came from Christian’s and Mary’s Obituaries, The Evangelical Messenger, May 20th 1914, page 24, and October 23rd 1926, page 27; index, organized and compiled by Anne Dallas Budd, Rita Bone Kopp and Sally Zody Spreng, http://www.genealogycenter.info. When the two children died came from the 900 and 1910 Federal Census record.

[10.]  Richard Mankamyer Obituary: Using the obituary information using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, Meyersdale Republican, March 13, 1941

[11.] Henrietta’s death date came from a 1930 calendar, using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, The Daily Courier, Connellsville, March 16, 1939.

[12.] Henrietta Fair’s Obituary: using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, The Daily Courier, Connellsville, March 16, 1939.

[13.] Lura Belle Mankamyer Marriage Application: Lenora Mankamyer Marriage Application: Reference Number: Vol Number 1 R 246;Film Number 55829; Digital Folder Number: 004838668; Image Number: 00315; "Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885 - 1950," index and images, Family Search (https://familysearch.org

[14.] Laura Mankamyer –Bittner Obituary: using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, The Daily Courier, Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, May 25, 1940; and Albert W. Bittner Obituary, Meyersdale Library, The Daily Courier, Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, June 15, 1939

[15.] We still can’t locate Sallie, other than in Christian’s and Mary’s obituary where they cite the remaining children still living.

[16.] Joseph Mankamyer Obituary: using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, The Cumberland Evening Times, April 17, 1957

[17.] John Mankamyer Obituary: using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, The Daily Courier, Connellsville, June 25, 1951, and the White Oak Evangelical Cemetery records.

[18.] Henry’s death date came from a 1930 calendar, using the obituary information from the Meyersdale Library, Meyersdale Republican May 22, 1930.

[19.] Anna Mankamyer’s birth date came from her death date and age, using a birth date calculator from ProGenealogists, Inc., PO Box 900188, Sandy, UT 84090-0188.

[20.] Christian’s birth date came from the inscription on his headstone at the Temple Cemetery, Meyersdale Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[21.] This reference came from the Evangelical Messenger Obituary, May 20th 1914, page 24, index, organized and compiled by Anne Dallas Budd, Rita Bone Kopp and Sally Zody Spreng, http://www.genealogycenter.info. The Evangelical Messenger was the English-language, weekly denominational publication associated with The Evangelical Church. This index covers January 1848 through December 1930.

[22.] Mary’s birth date came from the inscription on her headstone at the Temple Cemetery, Meyersdale Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[23.] This reference came from the Evangelical Messenger Obituary, October 23rd 1926, page 27, , index, organized and compiled by Anne Dallas Budd, Rita Bone Kopp and Sally Zody Spreng, http://www.genealogycenter.info.

Smearman End Notes

[1.] Other spellings of the family name: the most common is Smearman, then Smearmund, Smearmunt, Smearmont, Schmiermund, Schmermund, Smearmunt

[2.] The 1870 federal census record has John living with Henry and Catherine Smearmund.

[3.] In the 1900 federal census record, John Smearmont was living with Richard Mankamyer. John indicated he immigrated in 1847. However, Mary in her obituary indicated she immigrated when she was 12 years old; using her birth date this would be 1849.

[4.] The relationship of John to Mary is through the 1880 federal census record where John is identified as a brother-in-law of Christian Mankamyer, and the 1900 federal census were John is identified as an Uncle to Richard Mankamyer, the son of Christian and Mary.

[5.] Another John Smearmund was naturalized in 1845 in Cumberland, Allegany County Maryland. An annotation on the record includes; Eleanor L. Albright and Mary A. Dye, who are most likely the sponsors for naturalization, or their passage from Germany to America; John Smearmund Naturalization Record; Publication Code: 91.12, Naturalized in Cumberland Maryland. Cumberland, MD: Mayor and City Council of Cumberland, 1987, page 44, page 109.

[6.] Mary’s birth date came from the inscription on her headstone at the Temple Cemetery, Meyersdale, Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[7.] Mary’s arrival to America came from her obituary: The Evangelical Messenger Obituary, October 23rd 1926, page 27, Allen County Public Library, Genealogy Center Free Databases, indexed, organized and compiled by Anne Dallas Budd, Rita Bone Kopp and Sally Zody Spreng, http://www.genealogycenter.info. The Evangelical Messenger was the English-language, weekly denominational publication associated with The Evangelical Church. This index covers January 1848 through December 1930.

[8.] The number of children came from Christian’s and Mary’s Obituaries, The Evangelical Messenger Obituary, October 23rd 1926, page 27, Allen County Public Library, Genealogy Center Free Databases, indexed, organized and compiled by Anne Dallas Budd, Rita Bone Kopp and Sally Zody Spreng, http://www.genealogycenter.info. The Evangelical Messenger was the English-language, weekly denominational publication associated with The Evangelical Church. This index covers January 1848 through December 1930.

[9.] John’s residence in 1863 came from his Civil War Draft record. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registration Records (Provost Marshal General's Bureau; Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865); Record Group: 110, Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau (Civil War); Collection Name: Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865 (Civil War Union Draft Records); ARC Identifier: 4213514; Archive Volume Number: 2 of 4.

[10.] This information came from my great grandfather, Joseph Mankamyer.

[11.] Mary’s date of death came from the inscription on her headstone at the Temple Cemetery, Meyersdale Somerset County Pennsylvania.

[12.] This reference came from the Evangelical Messenger Obituary, October 23rd 1926, page 27, Allen County Public Library, Genealogy Center Free Databases, indexed, organized and, compiled by Anne Dallas Budd, Rita Bone Kopp and Sally Zody Spreng, http://www.genealogycenter.info. The Evangelical Messenger was the English-language, weekly denominational publication associated with The Evangelical Church. This index covers January 1848 through December 1930.

Mankamyer Bibliography

1. Ludwig and Christian Menkamyer 1857 Immigration: Publication Code 8864.10, Somerset County Pennsylvania Naturalization Records, In Somerset Past (Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, Laughlintown, PA). Vol. 3:2 (July 1983), p. 13 (1857-1858). Somerset Co., Pennsylvania; Year: 1857; Page Number: 13. Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.

2. 1860 Christian Mankamyer Census: Summit, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: M653_1183; Page: 605; Image: 613; Family History Library Film: 805183, 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

3. 1870 Christian Minkemeyer Census: Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: M593_1452; Page: 355A; Image: 291; Family History Library Film: 552951; 1870 U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.; Minnesota census schedules for 1870. NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

4. 1880 Christ Mankaymyer Census: Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1195; Family History Film: 1255195; Page: 334D; Enumeration District: 012; Image: 0274; Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

5. 1900 Christian Mankamyen Census: Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1487; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 0185; FHL microfilm: 1241487; United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.

6. 1910 C Mankamyer Census: Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: T624_1420; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0143; ; FHL microfilm: 1375433; Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

7. 1920 Mary and her son Christian Maukamyer Census: Laniner, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: T625_1654; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 180; Image: 381; Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920; (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29.; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Smearman Bibliography

1. John Smearmund Naturalization Record: Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.

2. 1870 Henry Smearmund Census: Milford, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: M593_1452; Page: 390A; Image: 361; Family History Library Film: 552951. 1870 U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Minnesota census schedules for 1870. NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

3. John Smearmont Civil War Registration: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registration Records (Provost Marshal General's Bureau; Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865); Record Group: 110, Records of the Provost Marshal General's Bureau (Civil War); Collection Name: Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865 (Civil War Union Draft Records); ARC Identifier: 4213514; Archive Volume Number: 2 of 4.

4. 1880 Christ Mankaymyer Census: Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1195; Family History Film: 1255195; Page: 334D; Enumeration District: 012; Image: 0274; Tenth Census of the United States, 1880; (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

5. 1900 John Smearmont Census: Larimer, Somerset, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1487; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 0185; FHL microfilm: 1241487; United States of America, Bureau of the Census; Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.